Khieu Samphan

Khieu Samphan received a bursary to study in France in 1955 and published his doctoral dissertation “Cambodia's economy and industrial development”.

Upon his return to Cambodia, Khieu Samphan became a professor before being appointed Secretary of State for Trade in Sihanouk’s regime in 1962.

Under threat from Sihanouk’s security forces, he allegedly went into hiding in 1967 and reemerged within the Khmer Rouge resistance in the early 1970s.

In 1976 he was appointed Democratic Kampuchea’s Head of State. He succeeded Pol Pot after the latter retired as the official head of the Khmer Rouge in 1987, and represented Democratic Kampuchea at the 1989 International Conference on Cambodia in Paris.

After pledging allegiance to the Cambodian government in 1998, he left the Khmer Rouge and lived in the north-western province of Pailin until being arrested in placed in provisional detention at the ECCC in November 2007.

Photo


Alias
Hem
Date of Birth
Place of Birth
Svay Rieng
Arrested Date
Defence counsel
Mr. Kong Sam Onn (Cambodia), Mr. Arthur Vercken (France), Ms. Anta Guisse (France)
Position in Democratic Kampuchea

Head of State (Chairman of the State Presidium) of Democratic Kampuchea.

Status of case

Khieu Samphan has been indicted and sent to trial for Crimes against Humanity, Grave Breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Genocide, offences which are defined and punishable under Articles 4,5, 6, 29 (New) and 39 (New) of the Law on the Establishment of the Extraordinary Chambers as amended on 27 October 2004.

The charges against Khieu Samphan have been separated (severed) into two trials (Case 002/01 and case 002/02).

The initial hearing in the trial was held 27-30 June 2011, and the substantive part of the trial in Case 002/01 commenced with opening statements on 21 November 2011, and ended with final statements on 31 October 2013. The trial judgment was pronounced on 7 August 2014.

Khieu Samphan was found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment. On 23 November 2016, the Supreme Court Chamber quashed part of the convictions but affirmed life imprisonment for Khieu Samphan in Case 002/01. 

Trial hearings in Case 002/02 commenced on 17 October 2014. The presentation of evidence started on 8 January 2015 and concluded on 11 January 2017.

Closing statements were held from 13 -23 June 2017. The trial judgment in Case 002/02 is expected in the second quarter of 2018. 

On 16 November 2018, the Trial Chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) convicted KHIEU Samphan of genocide, crimes against humanity and grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949.

Key allegations

Khieu Samphan is alleged to be responsible, through his acts or omissions (committed via a joint criminal enterprise), for having planned, instigated, ordered, or aided and abetted, or being responsible by virtue of superior responsibility, for the following crimes committed between 17 April 1975 and 6 January 1979: 

  • Crimes against humanity (murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation imprisonment, torture, persecution on political, racial, and religious grounds and other inhumane acts)
  • Genocide, by killing members of the groups of Vietnamese and Cham 
  • Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 (wilful killing, torture or inhumane treatment, wilfully causing great suffering or serious injury to body or health, wilfully depriving a prisoner of war or civilian the rights of fair and regular trial, unlawful deportation or unlawful confinement of a civilian)
Case No. Case 002Case 002/01Case 002/02
Date
Table of authorities for co-prosecutors’ response to the declaration of a possible conflict of interest filed by the international civil party lead co-lawyer F53/7/1.1
Co-Prosecutors’ response to the declaration of a possible conflict of interest filed by the international civil party lead co-lawyer F53/7/1
Decision on requests concerning the civil party lead co-lawyers response to Khieu Samphân appeal F52/1
Appointment of replacement judges to hear KHIEU Samphan’s disqualification motion E53/6
Declaration of a possible conflict of interest F53/7
Order for Quarterly Cognitive Testing of the Accused and Test Scheduling F39/16
Civil party lead co-lawyers’ response to Khieu Samphân’s application for disqualification of six appeal judges F53/5
Table of authorities for Civil party lead co-lawyers’ response to Khieu Samphân’s application for disqualification of six appeal judges F53/5.1
Co-Prosecutors’ Response to KHIEU Samphan’s Application to Disqualify the Six Appeal Judges Who Adjudicated Case 002/01 F53/4
Table of authorities for Co-Prosecutors’ Response to KHIEU Samphan’s Application to Disqualify the Six Appeal Judges Who Adjudicated Case 002/01 F53/4.1
Decision on the Co-Prosecutors and Civil Party Urgent Requests for Extension of Time to Respond to KHIEU Samphân’s Disqualification Request F53/3
KHIEU Samphân’s Reply to the Prosecution’s Response to His Request to Admit Additional Evidence F51/2
KHIEU Samphân’s Application for Disqualification of the Six Appeal Judges Who Adjudicated in Case 002/01 F53
Requests concerning the Civil Party Lead Co-Lawyers’ Response to KHIEU Samphân’s Appeal F52
Table of authorities for Requests concerning the Civil Party Lead Co-Lawyers’ Response to KHIEU Samphân’s Appeal F52.1
Table of authorities for CO-PROSECUTORS’ RESPONSE TO KHIEU SAMPHAN’S REQUEST TO ADMIT ADDITIONAL EVIDENCE (F51) F51/1.1
CO-PROSECUTORS’ RESPONSE TO KHIEU SAMPHAN’S REQUEST TO ADMIT ADDITIONAL EVIDENCE (F51) F51/1
KHIEU Samphân Defence Request to Reject the Civil Party “Submissions” (F50/1/1) pursuant to the Practice Direction on the Filing of Documents F50/1/1/1
KHIEU Samphân’s Request for Admission of Additional Evidence F51
Civil party lead co-lawyers’ submissions relating to Khieu Samphân’s response to the co-prosecutors’ appeal F50/1/1
Table of authorities for Civil party lead co-lawyers’ submissions relating to Khieu Samphân’s response to the co-prosecutors’ appeal F50/1/1.1
KHIEU Samphân Defence Response to the Prosecution’s Appeal in Case 002/02 F50/1
Table des sources de Réponse de la Défense de KHIEU Samphân à l’appel de l’Accusation (002/02) F50/1.1
KHIEU Samphân's Reply to the Co-Prosecutors concerning the Presumption of Innocence on Appeal (F46/2/4) F46/2/4/1
Decision on Khieu Samphân's request for extensions of time and page limits for filing his appeal brief F49

Pre-Trial Chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia commenced three days of hearings in Case 003 against MEAS Muth

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20 November 2019 PRESS RELEASE

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