Nayan Chanda, 63, Director of Publications at the Yale Center for Globalization, testified as an expert on the issue of armed conflict, focusing on the Cambodian-Vietnamese conflict during the Khmer Rouge regime.
He described the hereditary enmity between both countries, which was increased by disputes over border demarcations drawn first by the French and later by the United States. During his testimony, Nayan Chanda drew an outline of the conflict, but when asked about whether an armed conflict existed between Democratic Kampuchea and Vietnam already from April 1975, he said: "I'm not a lawyer and have no idea about how one defines war... But if it means that one government has to announce to the world that, "We are at war", then I think war started with the announcement from Phnom Penh on December 31st, 1977."
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